# 4. Force and gravity

I have described particles as energy machines that collect and process the photon energies of space. I have said that photon energies pass between the particles of structures as well as between those of different structures.  I have described contact as energy exchanges and said that the mass or inertia of a structure is all about its energy content.

Science refers to the energy that keeps particles together in structures as binding energy. I find this confusing because it leads you to think that additional energy is required to bind particles together. But they know and you who have read my blog “what’s the matter” know that structures come together to be energy efficient. Binding energy is that released when particles form more energy efficient structures. It is also the energy that has to be input to break apart such structures.

We are an energy efficient structure. A car is an energy efficient structure. When we push a car there is no energy saving to be had and the two structures resist a coming together by the exchanging of photon energies. Particles in the two structures do what particles do when situations arise that they don’t want. They use their energies to recoil away from one another and by so doing put pressure on other particles within their structures to also move away. When our energy push is strong enough the photon exchanges cause the photon energy linked car particles to move as a whole. The car particles are mildly and unnoticeable pushed closer together and are exchanging slightly higher energies. It is a minuscule increase in the car’s mass energy that is being released as thermal heat photons and fully released when we no longer push the car.

Newton related force to mass and accelerating motion in one of his three laws. Expressed mathematically F = m x a means that to deliver an acceleration (a) to an object of mass (m) so as to move it from a state of rest or uniform motion we have to apply a force F. But what is a force if not the result of the photon energy exchanges between two separate particle structures and what are “in structure” stress forces if not the photon energy exchanges between in structure particles.

Motion produced by the interacting force, reduces the force. There is no such thing as a fixed force or steady motion. They are like everything else vibrating changing energy interactions. To try and maintain our contact force with the car as it moves we have to move with it and we expend energy accelerating ourselves as well as accelerating the car. We calculate energy by multiplying force by distance but, as force is never steady and multi directional, energy is more correctly calculated as the total of each almost instantaneous force multiplied by the small changes in distance it contributes.

We say we do no work pushing a wall. because it does not move. But we all know we can use just as much energy pushing a wall as we do pushing a car. We saw when looking at human energy how our muscles contract in response to brain desires. In pushing a wall we use numerous muscles to try to extend our legs, arms and body. The particle cell structures of our feet and hands are pushed closer to the particles of the ground and wall and they don’t like it and exchange photon energies so as to restore their normal state apart.

The particles in the ground behind our feet, in the wall and in our structure framework are mildly compressed together and they vibrate more as they exchange higher energies. We are agitating zillions upon zillions of particles in the wall, in the ground to which the wall is fixed, in the ground behind our feet and in our body structures.

The increase in inter particle energy is an increase in mass energy just as when we compress a spring. When we remove our pressure from the wall this gained mass energy is soon emitted as photons of thermal energy. It returns to the content particle energy exchanging state that it previously had.

Pressure in gases is created by holding their molecules closer together than they would wish. The particles of the gas molecules resist the closeness by increasing their photon energy exchanges within but more so between them and surround molecules. Force is the same in all directions which is what pressure is.

There are internal stress forces in the structure of a building even when there are no external forces on it like wind. They are due to the building’s weight which we say is caused by a gravity pull or force. Whilst Newton provided the means to calculate the attractive force he did not provide an explanation for it. Later Einstein’s curvature of space time by massive bodies became the scientific explanation for this attraction.

Einstein said that if you stepped off a high building you feel no gravity force and he was right. We do feel a force from the air trying to slow us down, as our surface particles exchange energies with the air particles, but we feel no pushing or pulling down force moving us toward the earth. So why do we accelerate toward the earth?

It is because our body particles seek energy and pro actively move toward the major source of energy emissions coming from earth’s particles. They process and emit those energies as they accelerate toward them. When some of our body particles come close up to earth particles the energy exchanges become unwanted like those between us and the car we were pushing. Those energy exchanges now rapidly retard the photon energy linked particles that are us. If the exchanges are really high as happens when our speed of approach to the earth is high, our body structure may well undergo breakages and displacements.

Stood on the earth our feet feel a force related to the energy exchanges between our feet and the ground. That is the force we call weight and it is related to the number of particles in us that seek energy (our mass). It is also related to earth’s emitted energies, which have a relationship with earth’s total energies (earth’s mass) and behave as though they radiate from its centre. This is the reason Newton’s universal law of gravity attraction expressed mathematically as the force F = GMm/d2  works (M and m are the masses (energies) of the two structures, d the distance they are apart and G, often referred to as big G is a miniscule constant).

Our earth is speeding through space emitting energy into space but gathering energy from the sun, moon and other space bodies. It is in a state of near energy balance. If it were not so it would warm up or cool down. The temperature of the earth is a measure of the energy exchanges between its many linked particle structures. Whilst there are sun related daily and seasonal variations, in the longer term the earth’s average temperature does not fortunately change much.

As an aside the current global warming concerns are that the increase in carbon gases in our atmosphere will cause the average earth temperature to rise a few degrees. Such gases collect earth emitted photon energies and re-emit them. Much energy that would have gone into space is returned to the earth. Global warming is said to threaten the very existence of life on earth.

Earth’s particles like our particles go in search of energy. That is why earth particles accelerate toward the sun. However earth doesn’t move close to the sun like we move close to the earth because the earth has a motion in space, a motion that is intent on accelerating it away from the sun.

Earth’s orbit is maintained by the desire of its particles for sun photon energies. Our diagram exaggerates the situation. At A a component of the desire is slowing earth down and will curve it inward toward the sun. At B a component of the desire is speeding earth up and will take it outward away from the sun. What this means is that the orbit is a mildly vibrating inward and outward motion with changing speeds.

Other space body energies like those from the moon bear influence on earth particles. In observing earth tides we are seeing how the energy desires of earth’s more fluid ocean particles react to the photon energies emanating from the earth, from the moon and from the sun.

The desire of atmosphere particles for earth energies creates a gas pressure of about one kilogram per square centimetre at earth’s surface. That pressure acts everywhere on the exposed surfaces of our bodies and in the airways of our lungs. Imagine a one kilogram bag of sugar on your finger tip yet we don’t feel this pressure. It is because our body particles exchange photon energies with the air molecules holding them at a distance and pushing back at one kilogram per centimetre squared and because our body touch sensors evolved to only feel changes to this norm. In the world of photon exchanges a kilogram per square centimetre is tiny. The photon exchanges in a steel bar amount to tons per square centimetre

I hope it is clear that what we see as the force of gravity is not a force at all. It is the desire that particles have for energies radiating from an energy source. Of course such gravity particle energy desires happen between particle structures irrespective of their orientation.

The particles of raindrops that stay on your window have a desire for earth energies but they are also seriously attracted to the energies coming from the glass of your window. They engage in close energy exchanges with the particles of that glass and “lock” into those energies. When the drops grow larger gravity forces break such locks and we see them splitting and descending down the glass.

The capillary action of water in a glass tube similarly involves inter particle energy attractions both to the earth and to the glass. In narrow tubes the glass attraction is more influential and so the water rises higher up such tubes. Contrast the water with mercury whose more compact particles deliver higher more binding energy exchanges. The glass attraction still has an effect and in our diagram it has resisted the mercury rise up the tube.

There are many videos showing how water behaves when released in a space ship away from gravity. Many show how the molecular particles of water cling together and create spheres of about 7 cm diameter. They are shown responding to external energy influences. Others show how water wants to cling to an astronaut’s hands and arms and to face cloths. Yet others show how energy interactions with some particle structures keep water particles at a distance.

Einstein’s theories of relativity had much to do with his thoughts on gravity in which he saw massive particle structures as curving space-time and space-time as influencing the motions of massive particle structures. We often see pictures of curved coordinate systems round massive bodies looking like trampoline mats. But what is space time if not the photon energies passing through space. They are not only influenced by the desires of mass energy structures but influence mass energy structures. As to the time aspect, some of them take billions of light years to get from emitting particle to attracting particle. Time brings an ever changing scenario.

Viewing structure particles as pro actively desiring energies explains their accelerations toward other structures and eliminates the need for a force of gravity. Weight becomes the force that arises when energy seeking particle structures like us go in search of energy releasing structures like the earth and find a state of energy exchange that is suitable to both bodies.