I have described particles as energy machines that collect and process the photon energies of space. I have said that photon energies pass between the particles of structures as well as between those of different structures. I have described contact as energy exchanges and said that the mass or inertia of a structure is all about its energy content.
Science refer to the energy keeping particles together in structures as binding energy. I find this confusing because it leads you to think that additional energy is required to bind particles together. But they know and we who have read blog 1 in this energy series know that structures come together to be energy efficient. Binding energy is that which is released when particles form more energy efficient structures and that which has to be input to break apart such structures.
We are an energy efficient structure. A car is an energy efficient structure. When we push a car there is no energy saving to be had and the structures resist coming together. Particles in the two structures do what particles do when they encounter photon energies in excess of their needs. They recoil away from one another and in so doing they pressurise other particles within their structures to also move away. If our energy push is strong the energy linked car particles move as a whole and are mildly compressed by the increased photon energy exchanges .
Newton related force to mass and accelerating motion in one of his three laws. Expressed mathematically F = m x a means that to deliver an acceleration (a) to an object of mass (m) so that it moves from a state of rest or uniform motion we have to apply a force F. But what is a force if not the photon energy exchanges between two particle structures and “in structure” stress forces are about the energy exchanges between in structure particles.
Motion produced by a force, reduces the force. There is no such thing as a fixed force or steady motion. They are like everything else vibrating conditions. To try and maintain our contact force with the car as it moves we have to move with it and we expend energy accelerating ourselves as well as accelerating the car.
One way to calculate energy used is to multiply force by distance. That calculation implies we do no work pushing on a wall that does not move but we all know we can use just as much energy pushing a wall as we do pushing a car.
What we are doing is compressing and agitating zillions of particles in the wall, in the ground to which the wall is fixed and in the ground behind our feet. The increase in inter particle energy is dispersed as heat. It is the same when we compress or stretch a spring; we increase its mass energy and its emission energies (heat).
Even when there are no external forces like wind on a building there are internal stress forces in its structure because of its weight. Weight is a force of interaction like that between the objects above but as measured between an object and the earth but it is not a force of gravity because no such force exists.
Einstein said that if you stepped off a high building you feel no gravity force and he was right. We feel a force from the air trying to slow us down, as our surface particles exchange energies with the air particles, but we feel no pushing or pulling down force as we move toward the earth. So why do we accelerate toward the earth?
It is because our body particles seek energy and pro actively move toward the energy emissions of the earth, processing and emitting energies as they go. Close to the earth the two energy efficient structures don’t want to combine and energy exchanges rapidly retard the fewer particles that are us. If we are at speed those energy that bring us to a halt might well deliver particle displacements.
Stood on the earth our feet feel a force related to the energy exchanges between our feet and the ground. That is the force we call weight and it is related to the number of particles in us that seek energy (our mass). It is also related to earth’s emitted energies. The latter have a relationship with earth’s total energies (earth’s mass) and behave as though they radiated from its centre. It is why Newton’s universal law of gravity attraction expressed mathematically as the force F = GMm/d2 works (M and m are the masses (energies) of the two structures, d the distance they are apart and G, often referred to as big G is a miniscule constant).
Our earth is speeding through space losing energy to space but gathering energy from the sun, moon and other space bodies. It is in a state of near energy balance. If it were not so it would warm up or cool down. The temperature of the earth is a measure of its particle energy exchanges. Whilst there are sun related daily and seasonal variations, in the longer term the earth temperature does not change much.
Earth’s particles like our particles seek energies and that is why earth particles accelerate toward the sun. However earth doesn’t move close to the sun like we move close to the earth because the sun has a motion in space, a motion that is accelerating it away from earth.
Earth’s orbit about the sun is maintained by maintaining a balance between the desire of earth particles for sun photon energies and earth’s motion away from the sun. The acceleration away from the sun is greater when earth moves closer to it and reduced when earth moves away. The orbit is a vibrating motion, not a truly steady speed.
Other space body energies like those from the moon bear influence on earth particles. In observing earth tides we are seeing how energy desires of earth’s more fluid ocean particles are torn between the photon energies emanating from the earth and those from the moon and the sun.
I repeat that what we see as the force of gravity is not a force at all. It is the desire that particles have for an energy source but as restricted by the conflicts they have with that energy source. The concept of gravity as a steady force can only apply where there is some near stability of energy exchanges between the structures involved. Of course gravity (particle energy desires) happen between particle structures irrespective of their orientation.
The particles of raindrops that stay on your window have a desire for earth energies but they are also seriously attracted to the energies of the glass of your window. They engage in close energy exchanges with the particles of that glass and “lock” into those energies. When the drops grow larger gravity forces break such locks and they split or descend down the glass.
The capillary action of water in a glass tube similarly involves inter particle energy attractions to the earth and to the glass. In narrow tubes the glass attraction is more influential and so the water rises higher up such tubes. Contrast the water with mercury whose more compact particles deliver higher more binding energy exchanges. The glass attraction still has an effect and in our diagram it has resisted the mercury rise up the tube.
There are many videos showing how water behaves when released in a space ship away from gravity. Many show how the molecular particles of water cling together and create spheres of about 7 cm diameter. They are shown responding to external energy influences. Others show how water wants to cling to an astronaut’s hands and arms and to face cloths. Yet others show how energy interactions with some particle structures keep water particles at a distance.
Einstein’s theories of relativity had much to do with his thoughts on gravity in which he saw massive particle structures as curving space-time and space-time as influencing the motions of massive particle structures. But surely the part of space time that is influenced and which does the influencing is not the space but the photons of energy passing across space sometimes taking billions of light years to get from emitting particle to attracting particle.
Viewing structure particles as pro actively desiring energies explains their accelerations toward other structures and eliminates the force of gravity. Weight becomes the force that arises when energy seeking particle structures like us are exchanging energies with structures like the earth and hold up that desire.